Friday, March 5, 2021

Download a File from the Internet

 To download a file from the Internet, one option is to use the URLDownloadToFile API, which looks something like this.

#If VBA7 Then
  Private Declare PtrSafe Function URLDownloadToFile Lib "urlmon" Alias "URLDownloadToFileA" _
                                (ByVal pCaller As Long, _
                                 ByVal szURL As String, _
                                 ByVal szFileName As String, _
                                 ByVal dwReserved As Long, _
                                 ByVal lpfnCB As Long) As Long
  Private Declare Function URLDownloadToFile Lib "urlmon" Alias "URLDownloadToFileA" _
                        (ByVal pCaller As Long, _
                         ByVal szURL As String, _
                         ByVal szFileName As String, _
                         ByVal dwReserved As Long, _
                         ByVal lpfnCB As Long) As Long
#End If

You could then use the above in a function like this.

lngResult = URLDownloadFile(0,URL,Filename,0,0) 

However, if you're like me and don't want to use API calls, you can also achieve the above goal by using a HTTPRequest class. 

Here's an example VBA subroutine to download a file from the Internet.

Public Sub DownloadFile(URL As String)
'used to download a file from the Internet
'assumes filename is at the end of the URL
'file is saved in the current project folder
'usage: DownloadFile ""

Dim objHTTP As Object
Dim FileByte() As Byte
Dim strFile As String
Dim intFile As Integer

intFile = FreeFile()
strFile = Mid(URL, InStrRev(URL, "/") + 1)

Set objHTTP = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")

With objHTTP
    .Open "GET", URL, False
    If .Status = 200 Then
        FileByte = .responseBody
    End If
End With

Open CurrentProject.Path & "\" & strFile For Binary Lock Read Write As #intFile
    Put #intFile, , FileByte
Close #intFile

Set objHTTP = Nothing

End Sub

The above code does not include any error handlers, so you will have to add that part yourself. Also, the above code was not fully tested on all possible file types. It worked well for me when downloading image and PDF files though. Please let me know if you find a file type that this code was not able to handle.

As usual, thank you for reading and please let me know if you find this information useful.

Good luck with your project.

Friday, July 3, 2020

Get User's Full Name

I received an email from someone requesting assistance in Access on how to retrieve the user's full name from the system, not their username. I was told that Excel has the method Application.UserName available to do this.Not being familiar with Excel, I wasn't aware of that method.

Unfortunately, that method is not available in Access. However, I knew you can run some Excel methods from Access. For example, the following code should do the job.

Public Function GetUserXLFullName() As String

Dim xlApp As Object

Set xlApp = CreateObject("Excel.Application")

GetUserXLFullName = xlApp.Application.UserName

Set xlApp = Nothing

End Function

But on the other hand, I also know I have used code to query the Active Directory before. As an example, here is a link to a function on my website on how to get the user's email address from Active Directory.

So, based on that example, a simple modification is all we need to get the user's Full Name from Active Directory. For instance:

Public Function GetUserADFullName() As String

Dim objADInfo As Object
Dim objADUser As Object

Set objADInfo = CreateObject("ADSystemInfo")
Set objADUser = GetObject("LDAP://" & objADInfo.UserName)

GetUserADFullName = objADUser.FullName

Set objADUser = Nothing
Set objADInfo = Nothing

End Function

While testing these two approaches, I discovered using the Active Directory method to be faster than using Excel. Please let me know if your experience is the same. Also, please tell us if you know another method of retrieving the user's full name from the system. Thank you for reading. Cheers!

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Bitwise Operation in an Access Query

Let me preface this article by saying this is not a topic I am really familiar with. I only decided to write it to share an experience I had when I recently participated in a forum thread discussion on this subject. So, if I misspoke or provided inaccurate information below, please do not hesitate to let me know. I would really appreciate it.

If you are not familiar with "bitwise operation," it is basically a way to perform value calculations or comparisons at the bit level. For example, one might need to use bitwise operation to check if a particular bit within a value is either ON (1) or OFF (0). In essence, performing a bitwise operation is a way to determine the state (1 or 0) of each individual bit of a particular value.

There are [as far as I know] three bitwise operators: AND, OR, and XOR

The AND operator returns a value of 1 if both the bits being compared are 1.

The OR operator returns a value of 1 if either of the bits being compared is a 1.

And the XOR operator returns a value of 1 if, and only if, one of the bits being compared is a 1.

Okay, so how do we normally perform a bitwise operation in Access. Well, we would usually use VBA for this. For example, the following function can be used to perform an AND bitwise operation.

Public Function bitwiseAND(var As Long, bit As Long) As Boolean
'Returns True if the bit being tested is ON

bit = 2 ^ bit

bitwiseAND = var And bit

End Function

To check if bit position #3 is ON (remember, bit position is zero-based), we might do something like:


The above function returned True because 45 is represented as 101101 in binary, and the third bit from the right is a 1.

I hope the above example is clear. So, as you can see, we can use VBA in Access to perform bitwise operation. However, the topic of this article is how can we do it in an Access query? Obviously, we can use the above function in a query, but it would have been better if we can simply use the bitwise operators (AND, OR, and XOR) in SQL. Unfortunately, not in Access. However, the bitwise operators are available in T-SQL. So, one potential solution, if someone needs to perform bitwise operation against multiple sets of data in a query is to migrate the data into SQL Server.

Okay, now we come to the point of this article. So, a forum poster asked how to perform a bitwise AND operation in an Access query because, for some reason or another, they don't want to use VBA and migrating to SQL Server is not an option. I did a little research and came up with the following alternate solution.

([FieldName]\2^BitPosition) Mod 2

In the above expression, we perform an integer division against a numeric field using the decimal value of the bit position we want to check and then check if the result is divisible by 2. If the bit position being checked is ON, then the result of this expression will be a 1. If the bit is OFF, then the result will be a 0.

And there you have it. You can use the above expression in an Access query to check if a bit is on or off. I can't think of a good example or a situation where this solution would apply, so please let me know if you have any situation where this information could be useful.

As always, thanks for reading...

Friday, November 22, 2019

Access Error: "Query is Corrupt"

By now, most of you would have already known about this latest Access bug from Microsoft as explained on their website and discussed in many forums and blog posts. If so, you may be wondering why am I writing this blog.

That's actually a very good question. Well, the simple answer is I decided to do my part and offer a temporary solution I think is a lot simpler than what Microsoft recommended. This approach avoids the need to modify any saved queries or SQL statements in VBA code (up to an extent - I can't imagine all the possible scenarios out there).

This utility can be deployed to your users, and they can apply the fix themselves. And when the actual fix becomes available from Microsoft, the users can rerun the utility to remove the temporary fix.

To download the "Query is corrupt" bug fix utility, go to this post at UtterAccess. If you find any problems or have any recommendations, please do not hesitate to let me know.

I hope this helps at least those using Access 2010 or 2013, where a fix from Microsoft is still pending. (If you're using Access 2016 or 2019, the fix is already available to you.)

Sunday, June 2, 2019

List Table Fields

I recently needed a way to list all the table fields from an Access database project, so I could export it into Excel and format it for the user's review (just to make sure I covered all the user's requirements). Unfortunately, all I found, looking around for a utility to do it, was a way to print a report showing all the fields. Unless I simply miissed it, I couldn't find one that exports it to Excel for further consumption. So, I decided to create this demo.

This demo is similar to my other "list" demos where you get to browse for the database file and clicking a button will populate a temporary table with all the information gathered from the selected database. You can then export the table's data into Excel, as desired. The only difference with this new version is that it should be able to handle a password-protected file. If the selected file is password protected, the user is presented with a prompt to enter the password.

To download this demo, please click on the image below. As usual, if you have any comments or suggestions for improvements or found any bugs with this demo, please do not hesitate to let me know. I would really appreciate it.

(click on the above image to download the demo file)

Thank you for reading!